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A History of Pictures



David Hockney and Martin Gayford





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Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck the most famous movie stars of 30s and 40s. You might think of Clark Gable and Greta Garbo, but MM and DD are still around today.

Auction prices are so high bc after you have a roof and food, all you can buy is beauty.

Painted colour will last lot longer than printed colour bc of the pigments. In HQ oil paint get more pigment. Mark Rothko's paintings have faded. Many of Andy Warhol's screenprints have faded, bc he used screenprinting inks. Many British paintings from mid-century have darkened bc used cheap paint, or faded bc they used house paint.

Photography invented in early C19, but the camera had been around for centuries before. The likely use of a camera obscura responsible for the dramatic change in paintings in early C15 with richly ddetailed and 3D images. In 1807 a patent for camera lucida - a prism mounted on a stand that could project a 2D image onto a drawing. Worked in daylight, not darkness. Photography was the discovery of ways to make image permanent (ie the relevant chemicals).

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